calendar

The waxing and waning of the moon prescribed the division of the year into twelve months, usually designated during the Exile [[➝ Exile, the]] merely by numbers instead of the old Canaanite names formerly in use. But the Babylonian Nisan (corresponding to April) is found at Neh. 2:1 and Esther 3:7 as the first month, and on the 14th of this month preparations for Passover began. Other Babylonian names were also adopted. See months.
In the early part of the 2nd cent. BCE the book of Jubilees [[➝ Jubilees, book of]], a commentary on Genesis, rejected the lunar calendar, and it is possible that this solar calendar of 364 days to a year, alternative to the official calendar, was adopted by the Dead Sea community at Qumran, where copies of part of Jubilees have been found amongst the scrolls.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • CALENDAR — (Heb. לוּחַ, lu aḥ). The present Jewish calendar is lunisolar, the months being reckoned according to the moon and the years according to the sun. A month is the period of time between one conjunction of the moon with the sun and the next. The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • calendar — CALENDÁR, calendare, s.n. 1. Sistem de împărţire a timpului în ani, luni şi zile, bazat pe fenomenele periodice ale naturii. 2. Indicator sistematic (în formă de carte, agendă sau tablou) al succesiunii lunilor şi zilelor unui an. ♢ expr. A face… …   Dicționar Român

  • calendar — cal·en·dar 1 n 1: a list of cases ready to be heard on a procedural action the motion calendar; specif: a list of cases ready for trial – called also list; compare docket ◇ Generally it is up to the party that wants to go to trial to have a case… …   Law dictionary

  • Calendar — Cal en*dar, n. [OE. kalender, calender, fr. L. kalendarium an interest or account book (cf. F. calendrier, OF. calendier) fr. L. calendue, kalendae, calends. See {Calends}.] 1. An orderly arrangement of the division of time, adapted to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • calendar — [kal′ən dər] n. [ME calender < L kalendarium, account book < kalendae, CALENDS] 1. a system of determining the beginning, length, and divisions of a year and for arranging the year into days, weeks, and months 2. a table, chart, register,… …   English World dictionary

  • Calendar — Cal en*dar, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Calendared}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Calendaring}.] To enter or write in a calendar; to register. Waterhouse. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Calendar — Données clés Réalisation Atom Egoyan Scénario Atom Egoyan Acteurs principaux Atom Egoyan Arsinée Khanjian Ashot Adamian Pays d’origine Canada, Allemagne, Arménie Sortie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • calendar — calendar. (De calenda). tr. p. us. Poner en las escrituras, cartas u otros instrumentos la fecha o data del día, mes y año …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • calendar — c.1200, system of division of the year; mid 14c. as table showing divisions of the year; from O.Fr. calendier list, register, from L. calendarium account book, from calendae/kalendae calends the first day of the Roman month when debts fell due… …   Etymology dictionary

  • calendar — meaning a list of days and months, is spelt this way. Calender (with er) is a press for paper or cloth, and colander is a strainer …   Modern English usage

  • calendar — [n] schedule of events agenda, almanac, annal, bulletin, card, chronology, daybook, diary, docket, journal, lineup, list, log, logbook, menology, pipeline, program, record, register, sked, system of reckoning, tab, table, time, timetable;… …   New thesaurus

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